Windows Xp Shortcut, Run, CMD

Run Commands:

compmgmt.msc – Computer management

devmgmt.msc – Device manager
diskmgmt.msc – Disk management

dfrg.msc – Disk defrag
eventvwr.msc – Event viewer

fsmgmt.msc – Shared folders
gpedit.msc – Group policies

lusrmgr.msc – Local users and groups
perfmon.msc – Performance monitor

rsop.msc – Resultant set of policies
secpol.msc – Local security settings

services.msc – Various Services
msconfig – System Configuration Utility

regedit – Registry Editor
msinfo32 _ System Information

sysedit _ System Edit
win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)

winver _ Shows current version of windows
mailto: _ Opens default email client

command _ Opens command prompt

Run Commands to access the control panel:

appwiz.cpl – Add/Remove Programs control

timedate.cpl – Date/Time Properties control
desk.cpl – Display Properties control

findfast.cpl – FindFast control Fonts Folder control fonts

inetcpl.cpl – Internet Properties control
main.cpl – keyboardKeyboard Properties control

main.cpl – Mouse Properties control
mmsys.cpl – Multimedia / sound Properties control

netcpl.cpl – Network Properties control
password.cpl – Password Properties control Printers Folder

control printers
mmsys.cpl – Sound Properties control

sysdm.cpl – System Properties control

Command Prompt:

ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics,

control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when

editing a file or running a command.
ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from

network devices.
ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.

ASSOC View the file associations.
AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.

ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows
ATM call manager.

ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series

of commands in a file.
BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view,

modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.

CACLS View and modify file ACL\’s.
CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.

CD Changes directories.
CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character

set information.
CHDIR Changes directories.

CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.

CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.

CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.

CLS Clears the screen.
CMD Opens the command interpreter.

COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color
of the MS-DOS window.
COMP Compares files.
COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.

CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.

COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.

CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
DATE View or change the systems date.

DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to
modify hardware settings.

DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.

DEL Deletes one or more files.
DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.

DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
DIR List the contents of one or more directory.

DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows
system services or drivers.

DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on

another disk.
DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have

been run in the past.
DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.

DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.

EDIT View and edit files.
EDLIN View and edit files.

EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable

service or driver.
ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled

by the setlocal command.
ERASE Erase files from computer.

EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it\’s

original format.
EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.

FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and
information about them.

FC Compare files.
FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.

FIND Search for text within a file.
FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.

FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.

FOR Boolean used in batch files.
FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.

FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file

extension associations.
GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.

GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.

IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.

IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.
IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings

and assigned values.
KEYB Change layout of keyboard.

LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
LH Load a device driver in to high memory.

LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the
services and drivers.

LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.

LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and

enable administrator login.
MAP Displays the device name of a drive.

MD Command to create a new directory.
MEM Display memory on system.

MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
MODE Modify the port or display settings.

MORE Display one page at a time.
MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.

MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.
MSD Diagnostics utility.

MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.

NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current
TCP/IP connections using NBT

NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings

NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.

NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.

NLSFUNC Load country specific information.
NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.

PATH View and modify the computers path location.
PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.

PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.

PING Test / send information to another network computer

or network device.
POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored

by the pushd command.
POWER Conserve power with computer portables.

PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.

PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory
so it can be returned to at any time.

QBASIC Open the QBasic.
RD Removes an empty directory.

REN Renames a file or directory.
RENAME Renames a file or directory.

RMDIR Removes an empty directory.
ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.

RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.

SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.

SET Change one variable or string to another.
SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without

affecting anything else.
SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.

SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.

SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters
in a batch program.

SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or

extended memory.
SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.

START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.

SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for
another drive letter.

SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.

TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.

TIME View or modify the system time.
TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.

TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.

TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
TYPE Display the contents of a file.

UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.

UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
VER Display the version information.

VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files

have been written properly.
VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.

XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from

one location to another.
TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory

in which it exists
TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or

locked up applications

Windows XP Shortcuts:

ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface

(MDI) child window\’s System menu
ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item

ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened

ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program

ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window

ALT+TAB Switch between open items
ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu

BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or

Windows Explorer
CTRL+A Select all


CTRL+I Italics
CTRL+O Open an item

CTRL+U Underline
CTRL+V Paste


CTRL+F4 Close the active document
CTRL while dragging Copy selected item

CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM

CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of

the next word
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of

the previous word
CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of

the next paragraph
CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of

the previous paragraph
SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently

ESC Cancel the current task
F1 Displays Help

F2 Rename selected item
F3 Search for a file or folder

F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or
Windows Explorer

F5 Refresh the active window
F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on

the desktop
F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program

SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item

CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager

SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from
automatically playing

WIN Display or hide the Start menu
WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box

WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop
WIN+E Open Windows Explorer

WIN+F Search for a file or folder
WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers

WIN+L Locks the desktop
WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows

WIN+R Open the Run dialog box
WIN+TAB Switch between open items

Windows Explorer Shortcuts:

ALT+SPACEBAR – Display the current window’s system menu

SHIFT+F10 – Display the item\’s context menu
CTRL+ESC – Display the Start menu

ALT+TAB – Switch to the window you last used
ALT+F4 – Close the current window or quit

CTRL+A – Select all items
CTRL+X – Cut selected item(s)

CTRL+C – Copy selected item(s)
CTRL+V – Paste item(s)

CTRL+Z – Undo last action
CTRL+(+) – Automatically resize the columns

in the right hand pane
TAB – Move forward through options

ALT+RIGHT ARROW – Move forward to a previous view
ALT+LEFT ARROW – Move backward to a previous view

SHIFT+DELETE – Delete an item immediately
BACKSPACE – View the folder one level up

ALT+ENTER – View an item’s properties
F10 – Activate the menu bar in programs

F6 – Switch between left and right panes
F5 – Refresh window contents

F3 – Display Find application
F2 – Rename selected item

Internet Explorer Shortcuts:

CTRL+A – Select all items on the current page
CTRL+D – Add the current page to your Favorites

CTRL+E – Open the Search bar
CTRL+F – Find on this page

CTRL+H – Open the History bar
CTRL+I – Open the Favorites bar

CTRL+N – Open a new window
CTRL+O – Go to a new location

CTRL+P – Print the current page or active frame
CTRL+S – Save the current page

CTRL+W – Close current browser window
CTRL+ENTER – Adds the http://www. (url) .com

SHIFT+CLICK – Open link in new window
BACKSPACE – Go to the previous page

ALT+HOME – Go to your Home page
HOME – Move to the beginning of a document

TAB – Move forward through items on a page
END – Move to the end of a document

ESC – Stop downloading a page
F11 – Toggle full-screen view

F5 – Refresh the current page
F4 – Display list of typed addresses

F6 – Change Address bar and page focus
ALT+RIGHT ARROW – Go to the next page

SHIFT+CTRL+TAB – Move back between frames
SHIFT+F10 – Display a shortcut menu for a link

SHIFT+TAB – Move back through the items on a page
CTRL+TAB – Move forward between frames

CTRL+C – Copy selected items to the clipboard
CTRL+V – Insert contents of the clipboard

ENTER – Activate a selected link

Security hole masa setup win XP

Bila WinXP admin key terlock…. run repair guna CD XP

option repair no.2..
tekan SHIFT+F10 untuk bukak dos masa setup windows XP.

Run Command : lusrmgr.msc – Local users and groups

Semua command nie boleh pakai masa repair windows Xp

compmgmt.msc – Computer management

devmgmt.msc – Device manager
diskmgmt.msc – Disk management

dfrg.msc – Disk defrag
eventvwr.msc – Event viewer

fsmgmt.msc – Shared folders
gpedit.msc – Group policies

lusrmgr.msc – Local users and groups
perfmon.msc – Performance monitor

rsop.msc – Resultant set of policies
secpol.msc – Local security settings

services.msc – Various Services
msconfig – System Configuration Utility

regedit – Registry Editor


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